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Travel Nursing

Compact Nursing License: Everything You Need to Know

Nurses have been in high demand for years, but due to the complex compact nursing license process, a nurse may find themselves limited in where and how long they can work. Fortunately for nurses, the Nurse Licensure Compact (NLC) was introduced as a way to make things much easier for healthcare professionals who want to practice across state lines. Let’s take a closer look at what the NLC is and how it affects nurses.

What is a compact state nursing license? 

A large number of states within the US participate in an agreement called the Nurse Licensure Compact (NLC), originally introduced in 2000, that allows licensed nurses to practice in other states without a state-specific license. The states that participate in the NLC agreement, now known as the Enhanced Nursing Licensure Compact (eNLC), offer nurses the opportunity to hold a single state license or a compact state license. A compact state license is also known as a “multistate license.” Both terms mean the same thing and are used interchangeably to reference the eNLC.  

The biggest benefit of the eNLC as a travel nurse is convenience—you don’t have to spend extra time and money applying for individual state licenses in each place you want to work. Not only does this mean that nurses can easily move from job-to-job without having to worry about obtaining new licenses, but it also makes it quicker for hospitals and medical facilities to hire qualified personnel from out-of-state locations. This agreement has resulted in better access to quality healthcare professionals across all member states, making it highly beneficial for both patients and healthcare providers.   

Another great benefit of the eNLC is that it creates uniformity across all participating states’ nursing regulations by setting certain standards that all states adhere to. This ensures that all members are held accountable no matter which state they happen to be working in.   

It’s important to note that for a nurse’s license to be considered valid under the eNLC, it must be issued by one of the participating states. Only nurses who declare a compact state as their primary state of residence may be eligible for a multistate license. Also, some participating states may have additional requirements, such as criminal background checks or proof of residency, before they allow a nurse with an eNLC license to practice within their borders. So, it’s important to check with the state board of nursing before traveling across state lines for work. 

What are the compact nursing states?

 

eNLC States

Alabama  

Maine  

Rhode Island

Arizona  

Maryland  

South Carolina  

Arkansas  

Mississippi  

South Dakota  

Colorado  

Missouri  

Tennessee  

Delaware  

Montana  

Texas  

Florida  

Nebraska  

Utah 

Georgia  

New Hampshire  

Vermont 

Idaho  

New Jersey  

Virginia 

Indiana  

New Mexico  

West Virginia

Iowa  

North Carolina  

Washington

Kansas  

North Dakota  

Wisconsin 

Kentucky  

Ohio  

Wyoming 

Louisiana  

Oklahoma  

  

States with Partial Implementation 

  • Pennsylvania

States with Pending eNLC Legislation 

Several states are currently in the process of joining the eNLC but need pending legislation to pass before they can become a compact nursing state. The following states have pending legislation:  

  • Alaska
  • Hawaii
  • Illinois
  • Massachusetts
  • Minnesota
  • New York
  • Washington D.C.
  • Michigan

California, Connecticut, Nevada, and Oregon are not compact states and do not currently have any pending legislation to join the eNLC. 

How does the Nurse Licensure Compact impact travel nurses?

So, you might be wondering, “Why is the eNLC important for travel nurses?” According to the National Council of State Boards of Nursing (NCSBN), travel nurses should note: “When a nurse is on a travel assignment at a facility and the nurse who holds a multistate license has a primary state of legal residence in the compact home state, that nurse can practice in the remote compact state under the multistate privilege to practice as long as the nurse maintains legal residence status in the home state.”  

Travel nurses who are eligible for a multistate license will save time, money and stress. As a travel nurse, you may move across multiple states for work. Before the Compact State Nursing License came into effect, nurses had to get a license for each state they worked in. This is not only time consuming but is also costly. The eNLC enables travel nurses to obtain one license and avoid paying extra application and verification fees. This agreement also creates a more seamless process for travel nurses. With a valid compact license, nurses can start practicing immediately in other compact nursing states, which can eliminate some of the stress of having to quickly line up another travel contract after a current assignment ends.

Effective January 2nd, 2024, a new rule was implemented. Nurses moving from one compact state to another compact state are required to apply for licensure in their new Primary State of Residence (PSOR) within 60 days of being in their new location. For more information regarding this rule change, please visit www.nursecompact.com 

Quick Facts

  • Registered Nurses (RNs) and Licensed Practical Nurses/Licensed Vocational Nurses (LPNs/LVNs) who meet the uniform licensure requirements are eligible for a multi-state license in eNLC states. 
    • Learn more about Uniform Licensure Requirements here
  • The eNLC allows nurses to easily practice across borders in other compact states 
    • This makes it easier for nurses to quickly respond and practice nursing during natural disasters in other eNLC states. 
  • Over two million nurses live in eNLC states and are able to provide care in other eNLC states. 
  • Only nurses who declare a compact state as their primary state of residence may be eligible for a multistate license. 
  • With a multi-state license, nurses can also practice telehealth in all eNLC states. 
  • Easily check whether your license is “multistate” or “single state” using the Nursys® QuickConfirm tool at www.nursys.com.

For the nurse looking for more flexibility and freedom when it comes to where they work, the Enhanced Nurse Licensure Compact provides an ideal solution. By obtaining a compact state nursing license, you can experience greater opportunities within your profession while still ensuring quality care for patients everywhere. All in all, this agreement has revolutionized healthcare by making cross-border travel nursing simpler than ever before.

Interested in travel nursing? Favorite has travel opportunities across the country. Take a look at our open travel nursing jobs and start exploring the country today! 

Sources: 

https://www.ncsbn.org/public-files/NLC_Fast_Facts.pdf

https://www.ncsbn.org/public-files/2018CNOFactsheetFINAL.pdf

https://www.ncsbn.org/public-files/faq.pdf